Popular for being the site where Gautama Buddha first attained “Enlightenment” under a “Bodhi” tree, Bodh Gaya is a town located in Bihar. It is located on the banks of the river Neranjana and, is considered to be one among the four important Buddhist pilgrimage sites. It was in the year 2002 that UNESCO declared the Mahabodhi Temple located in this sacred town as a heritage site. Important travel information related to this town possessing “religious significance” is as follows.
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a. Best time to visit:
The ideal time to visit this town is from October to March due to the climate being pleasant during this time with, the temperature ranging from a maximum of 28 degrees Celsius to a minimum of 4 degrees Celsius.
b. How to reach Bodh Gaya?
Bodh Gaya Map
1. By train:
The nearest railway station is located in Gaya. The Gaya Railway Station is well connected to major cities like Kolkata, Delhi, Varanasi etc.
2. By road:
There are a number of state owned bus services i.e. Bihar State Tourism Corporation that connect Patna to Bodh Gaya on a regular basis. There are also a number of bus services from cities like Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi etc that connect to Bodh Gaya.
3. By air:
The nearest airport to this town is located in Gaya. The Gaya Airport is well connected to major cities across the country such as Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Ranchi etc. This airport also has an international terminus which is well connected to major countries.
c. Religious significance:
It was in this town that Prince Siddharta Gautam after having renounced his family and worldly pleasures sat under a “pipal tree” and meditated. It was during the meditation that Siddharta attained “Enlightenment i.e. Nirvana” and became known as “Buddha”. The pipal tree became known as the “Bodhi tree”. It was from this town then that the followers of “Buddha” began spreading the principles of this new religion called “Buddhism” the world over. As of today a large number of pilgrims visit this town every year and, tie scarves around the branches of the “Bodhi” tree along with placing cut flowers and small lamps as a form of worship.